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Imaam al-Shaafi’i Rahimahullaah said: ‘There is nobody except that he has someone who loves him and someone who hates him. So if that’s the case, let a person be with the people who are obedient to Allaah `Azza Wa Jall.’

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 How should a Muslim respond to where Allah Almighty is?

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PostSubject: How should a Muslim respond to where Allah Almighty is?   Sun Sep 14, 2008 6:41 pm

Q: How should a Muslim respond to where Allah Almighty is? As this is great Aqidah confusion between the ummah.

A:In the name of Allah, Most Compassionate, Most Merciful,

The issue of “Where is Allah?” is something that was never debated or made a matter of dispute among the Muslims throughout the ages and eras. Unfortunately, due to immense ignorance about our deen, certain Muslims spend and waist their precious time arguing about petty and trivial issues and forget about their real duties and responsibilities.

The belief (aqidah) one must have regarding his Lord and Creator is that Allah Almighty is One, there is nothing like Him, there is nothing that can overwhelm Him, there is no god besides Him and He is Eternal without a beginning and Enduring without end. He will neither perish nor come to an end and nothing happens except what He wills. No imagination can conceive of Him and no understanding can comprehend Him. He is different from any created being.

Allah Most High says about Himself:

“There is nothing whatever unto like Him.” (Surah al-Shura, 11).

And He says in Surah al-Ikhlas:

“And there is none like unto Him.” (112: 4).

Due to the above and other texts of the Qur’an and Sunnah, one of the major beliefs a Muslim must have regarding Allah Most High is that there is no creation that is similar to Him. If Allah is regarded to be similar or resemble or have any qualities of His creation, then that would constitute disbelief (Kufr).

Imam Abu Hamid al-Ghazali (Allah have mercy on him) states:

“Whoever thinks that Allah has a body made of organs, then he is an idol-worshipper…Whosoever worships a body is regarded a disbeliever by the consensus of all the scholars, the early scholars (salaf) and the late (muta’akhirun)” (Iljam al-Anam an Ilm al-Kalam, 6-Cool.

If one believes that there is nothing similar to Allah in any way, then his Aqidah is correct and there is no need for disputes and arguments. I believe that there isn’t a Muslim that really believes that Allah is similar to his creation in any way, thus disputes and arguments must be avoided. Yes, if one does believe that Allah has hands, feet, face, etc…that is similar to his creation, then without doubt this person would come out of the fold of Islam.

Regarding the question, “where is Allah?” firstly, it should be remembered that this is not something that one will be asked about on the day of Qiyamah. We are in need of people really learning about the basics of Islam, rather than engaging themselves in these matters. Those that argue and cause destruction with such issues are normally ignorant about even the basics of Salat, Zakat, Hajj, etc… We need to really wake up and smell the coffee!

Secondly, this question in itself is wrong. We ask regarding the whereabouts of a person that lives in time and space. For example, I encompass time, meaning I live in time, and I have a body that needs to fill some space.

However, Allah, Mighty and Majestic, is the creator of time and space. If we limit Him to any time or space, then this would imply that we resemble Him to his creation by giving Him a body, as space is limited. If one was to say that Allah is everywhere, then this is wrong, as ‘everywhere’ is limited and ends somewhere, whereas Allah is not limited.

Similarly, to say that Allah is on earth, sky, moon, sun, throne, etc… is also wrong, as all these things are limited and to limit Allah to any created thing is Kufr.

Imam al-Tahawi (Allah have mercy on him) states in his famous al-Aqida al-Tahawiyya:

“He (Allah) is beyond having limits placed on Him, or being restricted, or having parts or limbs. Nor is He contained by six directions as all created things are.” (P. 9).

Imam al-Nasafi (Allah have mercy on him) states:

“He (Allah) is not a body (jism), nor an atom (jawhar), nor is He something formed (musawwar), nor a thing limited (mahdud), nor a thing numbered (ma’dud), nor a thing portioned or divided, nor a thing compounded (mutarakkab), nor does He come to end in Himself. He is not described by quiddity (al-ma’hiya), or by quality (al-kayfiyya), nor is He placed in space (al-makan), and time (al-zaman) does not affect Him. Nothing resembles Him, that is to say, nothing is like Him.” (See: Sa’d al-Din al-Taftazani & Najm al-Din al-Nasafi, Sharh al-Aqa’id al- Nasafiyya, 92-97).

In conclusion, one must have the Aqidah that Allah Most High is pure from space and time. It is wrong to say that He is everywhere and it is also wrong to believe that He is on something, as all these are limited whereas Allah Almighty is limitless. However, we must believe that His knowledge encompasses everything, and he knows, sees and listens to everything.

And Allah knows best
Muhammad ibn Adam
Darul Iftaa
Leicester , UK

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PostSubject: Re: How should a Muslim respond to where Allah Almighty is?   Wed Mar 18, 2009 1:22 am

Alhamdulillah

JazakAllahu khair

When I first read this, (can't remember when) I thought it was a balanced reply and so I stuck to it.
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PostSubject: Re: How should a Muslim respond to where Allah Almighty is?   Wed Jun 02, 2010 5:25 pm

Do you still think this is the right response we should give/right beliefs to have?

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PostSubject: Re: How should a Muslim respond to where Allah Almighty is?   Wed Jun 02, 2010 6:41 pm

Quote :
Regarding the question, “where is Allah?” firstly, it should be remembered that this is not something that one will be asked about on the day of Qiyamah. We are in need of people really learning about the basics of Islam, rather than engaging themselves in these matters. Those that argue and cause destruction with such issues are normally ignorant about even the basics of Salat, Zakat, Hajj, etc… We need to really wake up and smell the coffee!

great point.
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PostSubject: Re: How should a Muslim respond to where Allah Almighty is?   Wed Jun 02, 2010 11:01 pm

That is true, but you know isn't aqeedah like.. it should be learnt before fiqh? I mean unless they mean basic stuff like Allah is One without Partners etc.. what we learn at kid madrasah =o is it saying that normal people don't need to delve into issues like this?

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PostSubject: Re: How should a Muslim respond to where Allah Almighty is?   Thu Jun 03, 2010 4:40 pm

Quote :
Do you still think this is the right response we should give/right beliefs to have?

rotfl rotfl rotfl You got me there, in fact i was just thinking about it last night.

I'm currently in the middle of doing research, so you'll have to ask me that at another time.

Quote :
That is true, but you know isn't aqeedah like.. it should be learnt before fiqh? I mean unless they mean basic stuff like Allah is One without Partners etc.. what we learn at kid madrasah =o is it saying that normal people don't need to delve into issues like this?

Delving and knowing are two different things, everyone must know, but to delve is not correct, that's why you'll find that the athari books on 'aqeedah are all small because they don't delve into things.

But certain 'aqeedah things have to be taught to all, like for instance many people believe that a taweez cures, which is actually shirk, so such things must be taught.

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PostSubject: Re: How should a Muslim respond to where Allah Almighty is?   Fri Jun 04, 2010 1:58 am

“He (Allah) is beyond having limits placed on Him, or being restricted, or having parts or limbs. Nor is He contained by six directions as all created things are.” (P. 9).

no I really need sharh cause I'm dense, what are the six directions?
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PostSubject: Re: How should a Muslim respond to where Allah Almighty is?   Sun Jun 06, 2010 11:01 am

Quote :
“He (Allah) is beyond having limits placed on Him, or being restricted, or having parts or limbs. Nor is He contained by six directions as all created things are.” (P. 9).

no I really need sharh cause I'm dense, what are the six directions?

up, down, left, right, forward, backward.

From this the ash'aris say that Allaah exists without a place.

And i agree with it too, because saying that Allaah has made istawaa 'alal 'arsh does not mean that Allaah should now be in a place.

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