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 Muharram?

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PostSubject: Muharram?   Wed Jan 09, 2008 1:19 pm

Salam,

Just wanted to know what is the correct Islamic take on Muharram. I don't mean the Shia way to party or the other way its done.
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Imran
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PostSubject: Re: Muharram?   Wed Jan 09, 2008 3:27 pm

Fasting on the day of Ashurah (+ a day before or after)

not doing sins,

doing extra good deeds

and Allah knows best

----------------------------------------------------



What are the virtues of the month of Muharram

http://www.islamqa.com/index.php?pg=article&ln=eng&article_id=77

Praise be to Allaah,

the Lord of the Worlds, and peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, the Seal of the Prophets and Chief of the Messengers, and upon all his family and companions.

Allah’s sacred month of Muharram is a blessed and important month. It is the first month of the Hijri calendar and is one of the four sacred months concerning which Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“Verily, the number of months with Allaah is twelve months (in a year), so it was ordained by Allaah on the Day when He created the heavens and the earth; of them, four are sacred. That is the right religion, so wrong not yourselves therein…” [al-Tawbah 9:36]

Abu Bakrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The year is twelve months of which four are sacred, the three consecutive months of Dhu’l-Qa’dah, Dhu’l-Hijjah and Muharram, and Rajab Mudar which comes between Jumaada and Sha’baan.” (Reported by al-Bukhaari, 2958).

Muharram is so called because it is a sacred (muharram) month and to confirm its sanctity.

Allaah’s words (interpretation of the meaning): “so wrong not yourselves therein…” mean do not wrong yourselves in these sacred months, because sin in these months is worse than in other months.

It was reported that Ibn ‘Abbaas said that this phrase (so wrong not yourselves therein…) referred to all the months, then these four were singled out and made sacred, so that sin in these months is more serious and good deeds bring a greater reward.

Qutaadah said concerning this phrase (so wrong not yourselves therein…) that wrongdoing during the sacred months is more serious and more sinful that wrongdoing at any other time. Wrongdoing at any time is a serious matter, but Allaah gives more weight to whichever of His commands He will. Allaah has chosen certain ones of His creation. He has chosen from among the angels Messengers and from among mankind Messengers. He chose from among speech the remembrance of Him (dhikr). He chose from among the earth the mosques, from among the months Ramadaan and the sacred months, from among the days Friday and from among the nights Laylat al-Qadr, so venerate that which Allaah has told us to venerate. People of understanding and wisdom venerate the things that Allaah has told us to venerate. (Summarized from the Tafseer of Ibn Katheer, may Allaah have mercy on him. Tafseer of Surat al-Tawbah, aayah 36).

The Virtue of observing more naafil fasts during Muharram.

Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: ‘The best of fasting after Ramadaan is fasting Allaah’s month of Muharram.’” (reported by Muslim, 1982).

The phrase “Allaah’s month”, connecting the name of the month to the name of Allaah in a genitive grammatical structure, signifies the importance of the month. Al-Qaari said: “The apparent meaning is all of the month of Muharram.” But it was proven that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) never fasted any whole month apart from Ramadan, so this hadeeth is probably meant to encourage increasing one’s fasting during Muharram, without meaning that one should fast for the entire month.

It was reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to fast more in Sha’baan. It is likely that the virtue of Muharram was not revealed to him until the end of his life, before he was able to fast during this month. (Sharh al-Nawawi ‘ala Saheeh Muslim).

Allaah chooses whatever times and places He wills

Al-‘Izz ibn ‘Abd al-Salaam (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “Times and places may be given preferred status in two ways, either temporal or religious/spiritual. With regard to the latter, this is because Allaah bestows His generosity on His slaves at those times or in those places, by giving a greater reward for deeds done, such as giving a greater reward for fasting in Ramadaan than for fasting at all other times, and also on the day of ‘Aashooraa’, the virtue of which is due to Allaah’s generosity and kindness towards His slaves on that day…” (Qawaa’id al-Ahkaam, 1/38).
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PostSubject: Re: Muharram?   Thu Jan 10, 2008 12:44 pm

Jazakallahu Khair bro Smile
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PostSubject: Re: Muharram?   Thu Jan 10, 2008 1:48 pm

Yesterday, i got an email asking about something things people do back home

subhanAllah, they gather around in mosques and chant nasheeds and read stories of imam husayn and hassan.

and they stand up and started calling on the prophet (peace be upon him)... No

SubhanAllah, this is similar to the kind of stuff Tahir ul Qadri preaches on QTV

a br sent me something about him, he said:

"He holds some degree from Syria - AlAzhar. Ten years back this man claimed that Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi WaSallam) came to Pakistan and told him that he is short of money to get a return ticket. To charge the emotions of the ignorants, he cried and narrated this incident in his speech and told them that he is penniless and cannot get ticket for Rasoolullah. People poured money in millions and this guy became a millionaire overnight and popular as well.

His next phase of popularity started with the launch of Q-TV from Pakistan with duroos in Hadeeth, etc. just like Sha'rawi's popularity as "Mufassir of Era" after his Tafseer sessions were broadcasted by the Egyptian Channel. In the current phase it seems after the death of Noorani Shah he replaced him in popularity amongst the ignorants.

Currently the owners/producers of TV Channels/Programs are producing the supposedly "Mufassir of Era", "Scholar of Era", etc."

Also, he said Ali should have been the first Caliph http://www.research.com.pk/home/fmri/books/eng/ghadir/index.minhaj?id=0


anyway, this guy is dodgy, so stay away!!!!
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PostSubject: Re: Muharram?   Thu Jan 10, 2008 10:09 pm

aswrwb,

JazakAllahu khair for the article above bro, I was going to start a thread about Muharram, but may as well post the info here eek. Here's more details about Muharram:

"Duties of the Month of Muharram

1. It is the best of months for general voluntary fasts, after Ramadan.

2. It is especially recommended to fast the 10th of Muharram (known as the Day of `Ashura’), with a day before it or after it. [Ibn Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar, quoting Kasani’s al-Bada’i`]

3. It is also virtuous to give in charity on this day.

Extracts from Ibn Rajab’s Lata’if al-Ma`arif, regarding the month of Muharram:

The Virtues of Fasting in the Month of Muharram and Its First Ten Days

Muslim reported from Abu Hurayra (Allah be pleased with him), that the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said , “The best of fasts after the month of Ramadan are in the Month of Allah, which you call Muharram. And the best of prayer after the obligatory prayer is the night prayer.” [Muslim, 1163]

This refers to general voluntary fasts according to Imam Ibn Rajab (Allah have mercy on him): These are best in the month of Muharram, just as the best general voluntary prayer is night prayer.

The virtue and honor of this month can be attested to by the fact that the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) called it, ‘the Month of Allah.’ (Shahr Allah) Such ascription is only made by Allah to the most special of His creation, such as the ascription of the Prophets Muhammad, Ibrahim, Ishaq, Ya`qub, and others to his slavehood (Allah’s peace and blessings be on them all), and His ascription of the House (Ka`ba) and the camel to himself.

Given that Allah ascribed fasting, between all spiritual works, to Himself [saying, “It is Mine,”] it was suitable that this month, which is also ascribed to Allah, be selected for this particular form of worship.

Fasting is a secret between the servant and his Lord. This is why Allah Mighty and Exalted says, [in the divine hadith (hadith qudsi)], “ Every action of the son of Adam is his, except for fasting. It is Mine, and it is I who reward it.” [Bukhari and Muslim, from Abu Hurayra]

The Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) also said, “The fasting person has two joys: one when he breaks his fast, and the other when he meets his Lord.”[Muslim]

...

The Day of `Ashura’: The Tenth of Muharram

It is mentioned in Bukhari and Muslim from Ibn Abbas (Allah be pleased with him and his father) that he was asked about fasting the Day of `Ashura’ [10th of Muharram]. He said, “I did not see the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace be upon him) fast a day while more avid to seek its virtue than this day,” meaning the Day of `Ashura’.” [Bukhari (2006), and Muslim (1132)].

The Day of `Ashura’ has great virtue, and tremendous sanctity (hurma). The virtue of fasting it was known among the Prophets (peace be upon them all). Both Prophet Nuh and Prophet Musa (peace be upon them both) fasted it.

The Prophet (Allah bless him & give him peace) used to fast this day even in Mecca, though he had not yet ordered others to do so, as mentioned in both Bukhari and Muslim. [Bukhari (2002), Muslim (1125)]

When he migrated to Medina, and found the People of the Book fasting this day and venerating it, he ordered the Muslims to fast it, and encouraged it so much that even the children would fast it.

It has been reported in both Bukhari and Muslim from Ibn Abbas (Allah be pleased with him), that, “When the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace be upon him) reached Medina, he found the Jews fasting the Day of `Ashura’, so he asked them, ‘What is this day you are fasting?’ They said, ‘This is a tremendous day. Allah saved Musa and his people on this day and drowned Pharaoh and his people. Musa fasted it out of thanks, so we fast it too.’ The Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace be upon him) said, ‘And we are more deserving of Musa than you are.’ So he fasted this day, and ordered that it be fasted.” [Bukhari (2004) and Muslim (1130)]

At the end of his life, the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace be upon him) made the determination not to fast this day alone, but with another day [f: either before or after it], in order to be different from the People of the Book.

It has been reported in the Sahih of Imam Muslim (Allah have mercy on him), also from Ibn Abbas (Allah be pleased with him) that, “When the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace be upon him) fasted the Day of `Ashura’ and ordered his companions to fast it, they said, ‘O Messenger of Allah! This is a day that the Jews and Christians venerate.’ So the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace be upon him) said, ‘When next year comes – if Allah wills – we will fast the Ninth [of Muharram with it].’ But the next year did not come before the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace be upon him) passed away.” [Muslim (1134), Abu Dawud (2445)]

And it is reported in the Musnad of Imam Ahmad (Allah have mercy on him), from Ibn Abbas (Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “Fast the Day of `Ashura’ and be different from the Jews by fasting a day before it or a day after it.” [Ahmad]

Giving in Charity on the Day of `Ashura’

It has been reported from Abd Allah ibn `Amr ibn al-`As (Allah be pleased with him), that “Whoever fasts `Ashura’ it is as if he has fasted the entire year. And whoever gives charity this day it is like the charity of an entire year.”

Mourning on the 10th of Muharram is an Innovation

As for the mourning and grieving of the Shiah on this day because of the martyrdom of Sayyiduna Husayn ibn Ali (Allah be pleased with him and his father), this is of the actions of those whose actions in this life are misguided while they think that they are doing well. Neither Allah Most High nor His Messenger (Allah bless him & give him peace) commanded us to mourn on the days of the tribulations of the Prophets, or their deaths, let alone anyone else.

[F: The fuqaha have mentioned that it is an innovation to consider Muharram a month of mourning. It is not disliked to marry in this month. It is a highly reprehensible innovation to participate in the rituals of the Shiah in mourning the death of Husayn (Allah be pleased with him).]

Some of the Virtues of the Day of `Ashura’

It is a day in which Allah forgave an entire people. Tirmidhi relates that the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said to a man, “If you want to fast a month after Ramadan, then fast Muharram, for it has a day in which Allah forgave an entire people, and He turns to others in repentance in.” [Tirmidhi (841)]

And Allah alone gives success.

Faraz Rabbani
Amman, Jordan"

http://qa.sunnipath.com/issue_view.asp?HD=1&ID=779&CATE=3

^And there's even more written here about Tahajjud (night vigil prayer) which we should do during this month and other blessed months.

Wassalam.
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PostSubject: Re: Muharram?   Thu Jan 10, 2008 10:12 pm

"Are we allowed to fast the 'whole' of the month of Muharram?

Question: Please tell me if we are allowed to fast the WHOLE of Muharram as is inferred by the following hadith in your recent posting on this holy month:

'If you want to fast a month after Ramadan, then fast Muharram, for it has a day in which Allah forgave an entire people, and He turns to others in repentance.' [Tirmidhi (841)]

Some people prohibit fasting the whole of Muharram because they say that Prophet Muhammad (SAW) didn't wholly fast any month other than Ramadan.

Answer:
Walaikum assalam,

Yes, it is permitted to fast the entire month. Imam Nawawi (Allah have mercy on him) discusses the implications of this, and similar hadiths in his Majmu` Sharh al-Muhadhdhab and explains that there is virtue (fadila) in fasting the entire month. [6.439-440]

This is confirmed by Imam al-Buhuti (Allah have mercy on him), the top reference for fatwa in the Hanbali school, in his Kashshaf al-Qina`, [2.338] also based on the same hadiths.

This is also mentioned explicitly in top Maliki works, such as Imam Illish’s Minah al-Jalil Sharh Mukhtasar al-Khalil [2.119] and Imam Dardir’s Sharh al-Kabir (with Imam Dasuqi’s Hashiya) [1.516]

I could not find this as being specifically recommended in the Hanafi school, though. However, there is nothing to indicate that it is disliked, either.

And Allah alone gives success.

Wassalam,

Faraz Rabbani"

http://qa.sunnipath.com/issue_view.asp?HD=1&ID=321&CATE=6
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PostSubject: Re: Muharram?   Fri Jan 11, 2008 12:15 pm

Jazakallahu Khair - Subhanallah fasting ashura is like fasting a whole year...

It has been reported from Abd Allah ibn `Amr ibn al-`As (Allah be pleased with him), that “Whoever fasts `Ashura’ it is as if he has fasted the entire year. And whoever gives charity this day it is like the charity of an entire year.”

ALLAHU AKBAR for the mercy of Allah. Good way to boost your reward for this year inshallah.
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PostSubject: Re: Muharram?   Fri Jan 11, 2008 8:50 pm

Black_Flag wrote:
Jazakallahu Khair - Subhanallah fasting ashura is like fasting a whole year...

It has been reported from Abd Allah ibn `Amr ibn al-`As (Allah be pleased with him), that “Whoever fasts `Ashura’ it is as if he has fasted the entire year. And whoever gives charity this day it is like the charity of an entire year.”

ALLAHU AKBAR for the mercy of Allah. Good way to boost your reward for this year inshallah.

aswrwb,

Wa iyyaki ukhti and JazakAllahu khair for emphasising that hadith! :') May Allah give us all tawfiq to implement this knowledge and accept any good deeds we do this month as well as any other month, Ameen!

Wassalam.
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