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Imaam al-Shaafi’i Rahimahullaah said: ‘There is nobody except that he has someone who loves him and someone who hates him. So if that’s the case, let a person be with the people who are obedient to Allaah `Azza Wa Jall.’

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 Ayshah bint Abu Bakr

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PostSubject: Ayshah bint Abu Bakr   Fri Aug 14, 2009 5:42 pm

Ayshah bint Abu Bakr (Part 1)

Ayshah (ra) was born in 614 CE. Her mother was Umm Roman and her father was Abu Bakr As-Siddiq (ra).

She said that there were nine blessings of Allah SWT which distinguished her from all other women in the world except Maryam bint 'Imran, the mother of 'Issa AS.

1) The Angel Jibril had presented her portrait wrapped in green silk to Muhammad Sallallahu alayhi wa and told him that this was the picture of the lady chosen by Allah, to be his consort both in this world and the next.

2) She was the only virgin to have become the wife of the Prophet Sallallahu alayhi wa.

3) When the Prophet Sallallahu alayhi wa passed away, he was resting in her lap and was buried in her apartment.

4) Many times angels encircled her apartment with love and respect.

5) Very often divine revelation would come to Muhammad Sallallahu alayhi wa when they were lying together resting in peace and tranquility.

6) She was the daughter of a true friend of the Prophet Sallallahu alayhi wa, Abu Bakr As-Siddiq (ra).

7) Ayat had descended from the heavens from Allah SWT proving her innocence.

8 ) She was born a Muslim and had been brought up in a pure environment, and spent her formative years with the best of creatures - the Prophet Sallallahu alayhi wa.

9) Allah SWT the Lord, the Sustainer of the Universe promised her Divine Forgiveness and abundant bounties.

As a girl she used to play with dolls, Once Muhammad Sallallahu alayhi wa visited her father, he saw her playing with a winged horse; she was barely five years old at the time. When he inquired she said it's a horse. He smiled and answered that horses didn't have wings! She promptly retorted that the Prophet Sulaiman AS had winged horses, which showed even at this tender age she was intelligent on religious and historical matters. At the age of 8 years, she experienced an historic move, when the first Islamic state was on rise, she was able to recall all the minor details. Next year she joined the household of the Prophet Sallallahu alayhi wa.

Last edited by Laila on Fri Aug 14, 2009 6:22 pm; edited 1 time in total
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PostSubject: Re: Ayshah bint Abu Bakr   Fri Aug 14, 2009 6:21 pm

Part 2: The Incident - Event of Al-Ifk

In the month of Sha'ban, Ayshah (ra) accompanied Muhammad Sallallahu alayhi wa who led the Muslim army towards Qadid, where a minor battle started with tribe of Banu Mustalaq. Several hypocrites were also part of the army during this particular battle. She borrowed a necklace from her sister Asma'. On the way back the army camped in the desert, and Ayshah went far into desert to relieve herself. She realized that the necklace dropped along the way. She found it after a long search. When she reached the site, the caravan had left, the normal procedure was that the ladies, who were segregated from the men, would get into their litter and draw the curtains. Then the camel drivers would place the litter on the camel's back. Since 'Ayshah (ra) was very light no one realized her absence. She lay down, waiting for her companions to return.

Safwan bin Mu'attil had the responsibility of checking the camp site for things which might have been left behind, at daybreak he arrived to find someone lying down in a Jilbab. When 'Ayshah (ra) heard him she woke up, and got on to the camel. He then walked leading the camel by the bridle.

At noon when the caravan had just reached the next camp site to rest, they saw 'Ayshah arriving with Safwan. Madinah was flooded by loose talk that 'Ayshah (ra)was a loose woman and her character was suspect, led by 'Abdullah bin Ubayy bin Salul. Hasan bin Thabit, Hamnah bint Jahash, and Mastah bin Athathah who joined the hypocrites. The Prophet Sallallahu alayhi wa was extremely disturbed when he heard this talk, but 'Ayshah (ra)was blissfully ignorant of all this.

One night when she went out with the mother of Mastah bin Athathah. The lady tripped and started cursing her son. 'Ayshah (ra) said that he was a Companion of the Prophet Sallallahu alayhi wa who fought in the Battle of Badr and deserved respect. The old lady retorted that 'Ayshah (ra) was ignorant of the fact that he was involved in an awful plot; she revealed what had been taking place behind her back. On returning home, she took the permission of Muhammad Sallallahu alayhi wa, and went to visit her parents. She was heartbroken, her sympathetic and loving parents advised her to be patient and everything would be cleared up. After two days and nights of continuous weeping she fell ill.

On the third morning, the Prophet Sallallahu alayhi wa came to see her. He told her very gently that if she erred she should ask Allah SWT for His forgiveness. She said to her husband that if she denied she was guilty, nobody would believe her; but she was innocent and only Allah SWT knew it. The best answer to these accusations was to quote the answer of the father of Yusuf,

"So (for me) patience is most fitting. And it is Allah Whose help can be sought against that (lie) which you describe." [Noble Quran 12:18]

At precisely this moment, the Ayat announcing her innocence were revealed. When the revelation ended he Sallallahu alayhi wa then turned to 'Ayshah (ra) with a smile and started reciting the Ayat,

"Verily, those who brought forth the slander are a group among you. Consider it not a bad thing for you. Nay, it is good for you. Unto every man among them will be paid that which he earned of the sin, and as for him among them who had the greater share therein, his will be a great torment. Why then, did not the believers, men and women, when you heard it (the slander), think good of their own people and say: "This (charge) is an obvious lie?" Why did they not produce four witnesses? Since they (the slanderers) have not produced witnesses! Then with Allah they are the liars. Had it not been for the Grace of Allah and His Mercy unto you in this world and in the Hereafter, a great torment would have touched you for that whereof you had spoken. When you were propagating it with your tongues, and uttering with your mouths that whereof you had no knowledge, you counted it a little thing, while with Allah it was very great. And why did you not, when you heard it, say: "It is not right for us to speak of this. Glory be to You (O Allah)! This is a great lie." Allah forbids you from it and warns you not to repeat the like of it forever, if you are believers. And Allah makes the Ayat plain to you, and Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise. Verily, those who like that (the crime of) illegal sexual intercourse should be propagated among those who believe, they will have a painful torment in this world and in the Hereafter. And Allah knows and you know not. And had it not been for the Grace of Allah and His Mercy on you, (Allah Would have hastened the punishment upon you). And that Allah is full of kindness, Most Merciful. O you who believe! Follow not the footsteps of Shaytan. And whosoever follows the footsteps of Shaytan, then, verily, he commands Al-Fahsha' (illegal sexual intercourse), and Al-Munkar (evil and wicked deeds). And had it not been for the Grace of Allah and His Mercy on you, not one of you would ever have been pure from sins. But Allah purifies (guides to Islam) whom He wills, and Allah is All-Hearer, All-Knower." [Quran 24:11-21]

Her parents felt pride that their daughter had been honored with a Quranic revelation, and relief that she was acquitted of any wrongdoing. They asked their daughter to rise and thank her husband Sallallahu alayhi wa, 'Ayshah (ra) promptly replied that she was grateful to her Allah SWT for He had revealed Quranic Ayat in her honor. This episode is known in Islamic History as the Event of Al-Ifk.

After this incident the Prophet's Sallallahu alayhi wa respect for 'Ayshah (ra) increased even more. 'Amr bin 'Aas once asked Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) who he loved most in this world, and he replied that he loved 'Ayshah (ra) more than anyone else. Then he asked him about the men folk. And the Prophet Sallallahu alayhi wa answered that he loved Ayshah's father the most. On one occasion 'Umar told his daughter Hafsah not to try and compete with 'Ayshah as Muhammad Sallallahu alayhi wa valued her very highly.
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PostSubject: Re: Ayshah bint Abu Bakr   Mon Aug 17, 2009 6:01 pm

Part 3

Once they camped at a place in the desert and again 'Ayshah's RA necklace fell off. Some of the companions were sent to find it. When the call for morning prayers was given, there was no water for ablution. The Companions were worried about the morning prayers, and held Ayshah responsible. Her father rebuked his daughter for creating a situation, which might lead to the prayers being missed. Exactly at this moment this Ayat was revealed to the Prophet Sallallahu alayhi wa,

"And if you are ill, or on a journey, or one of you comes after answering the call of nature, or you have been in contact with women (by sexual relations) and you find no water, perform Tayammum with clean earth and rub therewith your face and hands. Truly, Allah is Ever Oft-Pardoning, Oft-Forgiving." [Noble Quran 4:43]

The people expressed their thanks for such a great favor Allah SWT granted because of her. Abu Bakr As-Siddiq had not realized until that moment how pleased Allah was with her.

By the ninth year after Hijrah, Islam had spread over most of Arabia. Madinah became a flourishing state. Some wives of the Prophet Sallallahu alayhi wa requested a increase in allowances. This disturbed the Prophet Sallallahu alayhi wa and he declared that for one month he would separate himself from his wives, and he went into seclusion.

After 29 days he came to 'Ayshah's RA apartment, and told her to make a choice after consulting her parents; choose him and a life of hardship, or leave him and lead a life of ease. 'Ayshah RA had no doubt in her mind; she immediately answered that she and her parents would sacrifice their lives for him if need arose, there was no need to consult her parents and she would prefer life with him to the world and its attractions. A beautiful smile lit his face. And then Allah revealed the following,

"O Prophet Say to your wives: 'If you desire the life of this world, and its glitter, them come! I will make a provision for you and set you free in a handsome manner (divorce). But if you desire Allah And His Messenger, and the Home of the hereafter, then verily, Allah has prepared for the good-doers among you an enormous reward." [Noble Quran 33:28-29]

All the wives took the same decision as 'Ayshah.

In two recorded incidents Ayshah saw Jibril personally:

1) 'Ayshah saw the Prophet Sallallahu alayhi wa talking to a rider of a horse. When she inquired about the stranger, he was surprised that she saw him and told her it was the Angel Jibril as human and sent greetings to you. She prayed that Allah give reward to the honored guest and to noble host.

2) Anas narrates: Once Prophet Sallallahu alayhi wa was praying in 'Ayshah's apartment, she saw someone standing outside the door. When he finished his prayers she informed him. It was angel Jibril. Muhammad Sallallahu alayhi wa invited him inside but he replied that they don't enter where there were dogs or pictures. When Prophet Sallallahu alayhi wa looked around he saw a puppy in a corner of the room; when he was chased out then the angel entered.

'Ayshah attained a lofty status because of her knowledge. Everyone consulted her on the finer points of religion. Many Hadiths originated from her; 2210 in number. She was among the top seven companions who narrated thousands of Hadiths.

Imam Dthahabi wrote that she was a theologian of the highest order. Her apartment was the centre where Ayat were revealed by the divine Mercy of Allah. Thus she was given the title of 'Horizon of the Ladies of Islam'.

During the time of Khulafa-u-Rashidin, her Fatwas were accepted. Once someone asked Masruq if 'Ayshah RA had mastery over Shari'ah laws regarding inheritance. He swore that he had seen Companions asking her questions about the finer points of the laws of inheritance. 'Urwah bin Zubayr, her sister Asma's son often visited her to discuss religious issues with her. Other Companions envied him as he could freely approach her at any time.

Once the Prophet Sallallahu alayhi wa and 'Ayshah RA were not feeling well. The Prophet Sallallahu alayhi wa said that if she died before him he would bathe her and shroud her and lower her into her grave and pray for her. She light heartedly replied that it seemed as if he would celebrate her death; and she told him that in case she died before him, he should bring a new wife into her apartment. The Prophet Sallallahu alayhi wa smiled at this.

Her brother, 'Abdur-Rahman came in during his last moments with a Siwak in his hand; the Prophet Sallallahu alayhi wa looked longingly at it. 'Ayshah understood and asked him if she could offer one to him. When he nodded, she took it and softened it with her teeth and offered it to him. He cleaned his teeth; and dipping his hand frequently in water, he kept wiping his face again and again, repeating the words,

"There is none worthy of worship but Allah. Verily, death has pains." Then he pointed upward with his hand and said, "Toward the best friend"

Ayshah RA once had a dream that three moons descended into her apartment. When the Prophet Sallallahu alayhi wa passed away he was buried in her apartment. Her father told her that part of her dream came true that day - the first moon irradiated her apartment. Later, her father and then Umar Al-Khattab RA was buried next to the Prophet Sallallahu alayhi wa which fulfilled the prophesy of her dream.

Imam Dthahabi quoted a saying of the Prophet Sallallahu alayhi wa that a Prophet's soul leaves its body in the place that it likes the best. Thus it is proven he died in his favorite place, the apartment of 'Ayshah RA.

She left this earthly existence for Paradise in the year 58 Hijrah on the 17th of Ramadhan at the age of 66. She was buried in Jannatul Baqi'. with Abu Hurairah leading the funeral prayers.

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